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Cause of Colds, Flu and Catarrh


The common cold1,2 Flu1,3,4
  • Self-limiting viral infection
  • Occurs 2-4 times annually
  • Virus spread easily, quickly
    - Via hand-to-hand contact
    - Inhalation of airborne droplets (sneezing and coughing)
  • Caused by:
    - Rhinovirus
    - Coronavirus
    - Parainfluenza
    - Respiratory Syncytial virus
    - Adenovirus
  • Influenza virus
  • Spreads quickly
    - Direct contact with infected persons
    - Close contact with infected persons
  • Pandemic influenza outbreaks have been a global burden 
  • Flu viruses are constantly changing needing yearly vaccination
  • May cause severe disease 
  • Seasonal influenza strains among humans
    a. causes major pandemics   
    b. less common and less severe
    c. mild infections, less frequent than a and b


The Common Cold1,2 Flu3
  • Milder than flu
  • Stuffy nose and sneezing
  • Clear and runny nasal discharge
  • Fever, cough and sore throat
  • Lasts only for 7-10 days
  • Sudden onset of fever
  • Dry Cough
  • Headache
  • Muscle and joint pains
  • Severe malasie (feeling unwell)
  • Sore throat and runny nose
  • Can last 2 or more weeks
  • Illness range from mild to severe and even death


Is it a cold? Or the flu?
  • Rare headache
  • Normal temperature
  • Slight aches and pains
  • Sneezing
  • Runny nose
  • Sore throat
  • Hacking cough (mild to moderate)
  • Prominent headache
  • Sudden onset of temperature (38℃ - 40℃)
  • Severe arches and pains
  • Extreme fatigue and weakness (lasts 2-3 weeks)
  • Severe cough
  • Chest discomfort

BENYLIN® Product Range

Ask your pharmacist about the BENYLIN® solution for you and your family.

Causes of Cough

Some of the most common causes of cough include medication, asthma, viruses and smoking.

Types of Coughs

Coughing starts when part of your breathing passage becomes inflamed or irritated by matter such as dust, smoke or mucus.